Subnetting Worked Examples and Exercises

The best way of learning subnetting is to do it. Here are a selection of worked examples to help you get started.

At the end are some links to online quizes so you can do it yourself.



1- You have been allocated a class A network address of 29.0.0.0. You need to create at least 20 networks and each network will support a maximum of 160 hosts. Would the following two subnet masks Work?

255.255.0.0 and or 255.255.255.0

Yes both would work.

Mask 255.255.0.0 has 8 bits for the subnet and 16 bits for the host

8 bits would accommodate 28=256 subnets

16 bits would accommodate 216= over 64000 hosts

Mask 255.255.255.0 has 16 bits for the subnet and 8 bits of the host.

Have possible 28 -2 hosts =254 which is enough

2. – You have been allocated a class B network address of 135.1.0.0 and and need to create 4 subnets each with around 200 hosts what is the easiest mask to use to satisfy the criteria?

Easiest is to sub net on a byte boundary which would mean a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0

This would allocate 8 bits for the subnet and 8 bits for the host.

We need to accommodate around 200 hosts which requires 8 bits which we have.

We need 4 subnets which require 4 bits and we have 8 bits. So we have more than enough.

3.  Write the IP address 222.1.1.20 mask 255.255.255.192 in CIDR notation

Decimal 192 =11000000 binary which means that 2 bits of this octet are used for the subnet. Now add the 24 bits 255.255.255 and we have 26 bits. So we write:

222.1.1.20/26

4. Write the IP address 135.1.1.25 mask 255.255. 248.0 in CIDR notation

Decimal 248 =11111000 binary which means that 5 bits of this octet are used for the subnet. Now add the 16 bits 255.255. and we have 21 bits. So we write:

135..1.1.25/21

5 – You have been allocated a class C network address of 211.1.1.0 and are using the default subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 how may hosts can you have?

A class C address has 8 bits of the host which will give 28 -2  =254 hosts

6 .Subnet the Class C IP Address 195.1.1.0 So that you have 10 subnets each with a maximum 12 hosts on each subnet. List the Address on host 1 on subnet 0,1,2,3,10

Current mask= 255.255.255.0

Bits needs for 10 subnets =4 =24 =16 possible subnets

Bits needs for 12 hosts = 4 = 24  = 16-2=14 possible hosts.

So our mask in binary =11110000= 240 decimal

Final Mask =255.255.255.240

hosts-subnet-example

7. Subnet the Class C IP Address 205.11.2.0 so that you have 30 subnets.

What is the subnet mask for the maximum number of hosts?

How many hosts can each subnet have?

What is the IP address of host 3 on subnet 2 ?

Current mask= 255.255.255.0

Bits needs for 30 subnets =5 =25 =32 possible subnets

Bits left for hosts = 3 = 23  = 8-2=6 possible hosts.

So our mask in binary =11111000= 248 decimal

Final Mask =255.255.255.248

Address of host 3 on subnet 2 is

subnet 2 =00010000 host 3 =000000011

Add the two together =00010011=19

therefore IP address of host 3 on subnet  2 =205.11.2.19

8. Subnet the Class C IP Address 195.1.1.0 So that you have at least 2 subnets each subnet must have room for 48 hosts .

What are the two possible subnet masks?

Current mask= 255.255.255.0

Bits needs for 48 hosts = 6 = 26  = 64-2=62 possible hosts.

Bits needs for 2 subnets =1 =21 =2 possible subnets

Total of 7 bits needed so therefore we can use either 1 bit or 2 bits for the subnet. So we could have

1 bit subnet 7 bits hosts or 2 bits subnet 6 bit host

masks are 10000000 and 11000000 =128 decimal and 192 decimal.

Final possible masks are:

255.255.255.128 and 255.255.255.192

9 .Given the subnet Mask 255.255.255.192 What is the host address and subnet of the following IP address 197.1.2.67.

192 in binary =11000000 gives 4 possible subnets of (showing 2 most significant bits):

00,01,10,11

67 in binary =01000011

So Applying Mask:

 

subnet-example-5

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Subnet Quizzes

Test you knowledge using these online quizzes

Please rate? And use Comments to let me know more
[Total: 11   Average: 4.5/5]

36 comments

  1. A router has received a packet with destination IP address 192.168.67.10. The subnet mask added by network administrator in the router routing table is 255.255.224.0. How the router will find the subnet address(ID)?

  2. For question #7: Shouldn’t the answer be 205.11.2.9
    i dont understand why 19 when you’re going up by 6 users starting from 0.

  3. please who can solve this problem for me?????

    You are given an IP address from your ISP:
    220.42.56.20
    Design a network having 4 subnets for
    Administrative staff,
    Academic staff and
    Postgraduate students,
    Undergraduate students

  4. Hello Steve, your question are very helpful ..but can you guide me on the below ones please

    1.You currently use the default mask for your IP network 192.168.1.0. You need to subnet
    your network so that you get the following.
    a. 30 additional networks, and 4 hosts per network.
    b. 20 hosts per subnet
    c. Only 4 additional networks

    1. Hi
      4 hosts means you need 3 bits for the host so your mask looks like this
      11111000
      20 hosts means that you need 5 bits for the host so your mask looks like this
      11100000
      4 additional networks means you need 3 bits for the Network so your mask looks like this
      11100000
      I’ll let you convert them to decimal
      Rgds
      Steve

    1. Hi
      you have 2 bits for the host so values are
      =00,01,10,11
      00 and 11 are not usable so you have hosts 01 and 10
      by last I assume the mean 10 so the address is 172.21.80.130

    2. CIDR is /26
      172.21.80.128
      Binary: 10101100 00010101 01010000 10000000
      Let’s seperate the subnet and hosts
      10101100 00010101 01010000 10 —> 000000
      Lets make all the 0’s 1’s where the seperation is to get Broadcast
      10101100 00010101 01010000 10 —> 111111
      Broadcast : 172.21.80.191 (191 is 10 111 111)
      Last usuable host IP will therefore be 10 111110
      Last usuable IP: 172.21.80.190

  5. 1. Calculate IP addresses and subnet mask for 3 nodes (indexes are listed into the 3rd line) for three subnets (indexes are listed in the 2nd line). Network can contain some amount of subnets and no less than it is specified (the 1st line, S). Each subnet can contain no less than specific numbers of nodes (the 1st line, H).
    Result: final nodes IP and masks with calculaations
    300, 3, 140
    1, 2, 3
    11, 12, 13 / 1, 22, 23

    The 1st line: N, S, H; N – total nodes amount, S – subnet amount, H – subnet nodesamount.
    The 2nd line: A, B, C; A & B & C – subnet indexes
    The 3rd line: a1, a2, a3 / b1, b2, b3; ai и bi – node indexes to calculate. ci is equal to bi

    Help please if someone knows

  6. give the following subnets ,represnt them with a single network address
    212.56.120,0
    212.56.121.0
    212.56.122.0
    212.56.123.0

  7. Amazing, amazing work! You have no idea how much these exercises have helped, and the explanations are all very clear as well. Thank you very much!

    p.s. I love the font

  8. Hi Steve, thanks for producing this tutorial.
    In question 9 – is this assuming a Class C network? E.g. if it were a Class B network with subnet mask of 255.255.255.192 then there would be 10 bits for the subnets rather than 2.

    1. Four valid subnets are to be created in a class B IP address 129.22.0.0.
      Calculate the required Subnet mask and fill in the table below.

  9. The answer “therefore IP address of host 3 on subnet 2 =205.11.2.19” of question 7 is wrong and by the way the question is wrong, because if you calculate the ip address of 2nd host pf 3rd subnet then you will get the answer as 205.11.2.19…….

    And if we go according to question the real ans should be 204.11.2.11……

    Correct me if I’m wrong!

    1. The answer is correct.
      The first sub network address is 00001xxx =decimal 8 and the second is 00010xxx =decimal 16
      rgds
      steve

  10. Very useful exercises 😉 but I have a question about exercise 6: Shouldn’t it be 255.255.255.248 instead of 255.255.255.240? Because if we choose the last one we will get more than the 12 hosts.

      1. Yes but since it is typed “10 subnets each with a maximum 12 hosts on each subnet.” and 8 is smaller than 12 I assume 255.255.255.248 is the correct answer.

  11. Sir its a very very help full for beginners and also for experience but i need ur more help to learn total subneting as class a b and c,

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