Host Name Resolution Methods Explained

On computer and home networks when you type an Internet address into a web browser the web browser needs to convert that web address into an IP address. To do that it uses the the name resolution processes provided by the host machine. There are several ways that the host machine can resolve a domain name. The main ones are:

Continue reading »

DNS Lookups Explained

In this tutorial we will examine what happens when you use DNS to lookup or resolve a domain name to an IP address. We look at how DNS lookups work, and the exact process involved when looking up a domain name. We follow the client DNS query as it is processed by the various DNS servers in the response chain. Before we start it might be useful to compare DNS name resolution with a standard question and answer that takes place in everyday life.

Continue reading »

Understanding The Domain Name Structure

To understand the domain name structure you really need to understand the problem the structure was meant to solve. The Domain Name Structure and Domain Name System were developed to organise and find the IP addresses of Computers on large distributed networks.

Continue reading »

Understanding DNS – Beginners Guide to DNS

DNS (Domain Name System) is one of the most important technologies/services on the internet, as without it the Internet would be very difficult to use. DNS provides a name to number (IP address) mapping or translation, allowing internet users to use, easy to remember names, and not numbers to access resources on a network and the Internet.

Continue reading »

Understanding and Using The Hosts File-Beginners Guide

What is the hosts file? and What is it used for?– The hosts file performs a name to IP address mapping and was used on early computer networks for name resolution before DNS was developed. The hosts file is still present on computer systems (windows,Linux, MAC), tablets (e.g. android) etc and can be very useful for testing purposes. The hosts file is a simple text file that can be edited with a text editor like notepad. However it is important to note the hosts file doesn’t have a file extension like .txt.

Continue reading »