Subnetting Worked Examples and Exercises

The best way of learning subnetting is to do it. Here are a selection of worked examples to help you get started.

At the end are some links to online quizes so you can do it yourself.

1- You have been allocated a class A network address of You need to create at least 20 networks and each network will support a maximum of 160 hosts. Would the following two subnet masks Work? and or

Yes both would work.

Mask has 8 bits for the subnet and 16 bits for the host

8 bits would accommodate 28=256 subnets

16 bits would accommodate 216= over 64000 hosts

Mask has 16 bits for the subnet and 8 bits of the host.

Have possible 28 -2 hosts =254 which is enough

2. – You have been allocated a class B network address of and and need to create 4 subnets each with around 200 hosts what is the easiest mask to use to satisfy the criteria?

Easiest is to sub net on a byte boundary which would mean a subnet mask of

This would allocate 8 bits for the subnet and 8 bits for the host.

We need to accommodate around 200 hosts which requires 8 bits which we have.

We need 4 subnets which require 4 bits and we have 8 bits. So we have more than enough.

3.  Write the IP address mask in CIDR notation

Decimal 192 =11000000 binary which means that 2 bits of this octet are used for the subnet. Now add the 24 bits 255.255.255 and we have 26 bits. So we write:

4. Write the IP address mask 255.255. 248.0 in CIDR notation

Decimal 248 =11111000 binary which means that 5 bits of this octet are used for the subnet. Now add the 16 bits 255.255. and we have 21 bits. So we write:


5 – You have been allocated a class C network address of and are using the default subnet mask of how may hosts can you have?

A class C address has 8 bits of the host which will give 28 -2  =254 hosts

6 .Subnet the Class C IP Address So that you have 10 subnets each with a maximum 12 hosts on each subnet. List the Address on host 1 on subnet 0,1,2,3,10

Current mask=

Bits needs for 10 subnets =4 =24 =16 possible subnets

Bits needs for 12 hosts = 4 = 24  = 16-2=14 possible hosts.

So our mask in binary =11110000= 240 decimal

Final Mask =


7. Subnet the Class C IP Address so that you have 30 subnets.

What is the subnet mask for the maximum number of hosts?

How many hosts can each subnet have?

What is the IP address of host 3 on subnet 2 ?

Current mask=

Bits needs for 30 subnets =5 =25 =32 possible subnets

Bits left for hosts = 3 = 23  = 8-2=6 possible hosts.

So our mask in binary =11111000= 248 decimal

Final Mask =

Address of host 3 on subnet 2 is

subnet 2 =00010000 host 3 =000000011

Add the two together =00010011=19

therefore IP address of host 3 on subnet  2 =

8. Subnet the Class C IP Address So that you have at least 2 subnets each subnet must have room for 48 hosts .

What are the two possible subnet masks?

Current mask=

Bits needs for 48 hosts = 6 = 26  = 64-2=62 possible hosts.

Bits needs for 2 subnets =1 =21 =2 possible subnets

Total of 7 bits needed so therefore we can use either 1 bit or 2 bits for the subnet. So we could have

1 bit subnet 7 bits hosts or 2 bits subnet 6 bit host

masks are 10000000 and 11000000 =128 decimal and 192 decimal.

Final possible masks are: and

9 .Given the subnet Mask What is the host address and subnet of the following IP address

192 in binary =11000000 gives 4 possible subnets of (showing 2 most significant bits):


67 in binary =01000011

So Applying Mask:




Related Tutorials and Resources:

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  1. You are given 2 networks to be implemented on the following topology:
    Network 1
    Network 2
    You are required to subnet the above mentioned networks as per following requirements
    Net1 Subnet1 100 Hosts
    Net1 Subnet2 500 Hosts
    Net1 Subnet3 200 Hosts
    Net2 is subnetted for all router to router links. No hosts other than required to router interfaces are to be assigned. Implement EIGRP with autonomous System no. 1 in each router, assign proper IP address, subnet masks and default gateways where needed plz help me inthsi case

    1. Hi
      Sorry but the question requires more time to answer than I can provide. I can only point you to the examples. You might want to go on to the cisco sites as they have more detailed examples focused on the cisco exams

  2. You have been allocated a class b network address of and need to create 150 subnets each with 120 hosts , what is the new subnet mask to satisfy these criteria?
    new subnet mask:
    host per network: 2^n-2 ( n is the zeroes )

    class B is 1111 1111. 1111 1111 . 0000 0000 . 0000 0000
    I need to steal hosts bits (the zeroes) to get close or around to 150 : so that would be 2^6=64 or 2^7=128?

    Im stuck on finding the new subnet mask please help me

    1. 150 subnet means you need 8 bits which is ok as you have 16. so use a class C mask
      this give 254 subnet and 254 hosts

  3. A router has received a packet with destination IP address The subnet mask added by network administrator in the router routing table is How the router will find the subnet address(ID)?

  4. For question #7: Shouldn’t the answer be
    i dont understand why 19 when you’re going up by 6 users starting from 0.

  5. please who can solve this problem for me?????

    You are given an IP address from your ISP:
    Design a network having 4 subnets for
    Administrative staff,
    Academic staff and
    Postgraduate students,
    Undergraduate students

  6. Hello Steve, your question are very helpful ..but can you guide me on the below ones please

    1.You currently use the default mask for your IP network You need to subnet
    your network so that you get the following.
    a. 30 additional networks, and 4 hosts per network.
    b. 20 hosts per subnet
    c. Only 4 additional networks

    1. Hi
      4 hosts means you need 3 bits for the host so your mask looks like this
      20 hosts means that you need 5 bits for the host so your mask looks like this
      4 additional networks means you need 3 bits for the Network so your mask looks like this
      I’ll let you convert them to decimal

  7. Great job steve!

    All your answers are 100% correct and I found the exercises very helpful. Thanks again!

    1. Hi
      you have 2 bits for the host so values are
      00 and 11 are not usable so you have hosts 01 and 10
      by last I assume the mean 10 so the address is

    2. CIDR is /26
      Binary: 10101100 00010101 01010000 10000000
      Let’s seperate the subnet and hosts
      10101100 00010101 01010000 10 —> 000000
      Lets make all the 0’s 1’s where the seperation is to get Broadcast
      10101100 00010101 01010000 10 —> 111111
      Broadcast : (191 is 10 111 111)
      Last usuable host IP will therefore be 10 111110
      Last usuable IP:

  8. 1. Calculate IP addresses and subnet mask for 3 nodes (indexes are listed into the 3rd line) for three subnets (indexes are listed in the 2nd line). Network can contain some amount of subnets and no less than it is specified (the 1st line, S). Each subnet can contain no less than specific numbers of nodes (the 1st line, H).
    Result: final nodes IP and masks with calculaations
    300, 3, 140
    1, 2, 3
    11, 12, 13 / 1, 22, 23

    The 1st line: N, S, H; N – total nodes amount, S – subnet amount, H – subnet nodesamount.
    The 2nd line: A, B, C; A & B & C – subnet indexes
    The 3rd line: a1, a2, a3 / b1, b2, b3; ai и bi – node indexes to calculate. ci is equal to bi

    Help please if someone knows

  9. give the following subnets ,represnt them with a single network address

  10. Amazing, amazing work! You have no idea how much these exercises have helped, and the explanations are all very clear as well. Thank you very much!

    p.s. I love the font

  11. Hi Steve, thanks for producing this tutorial.
    In question 9 – is this assuming a Class C network? E.g. if it were a Class B network with subnet mask of then there would be 10 bits for the subnets rather than 2.

    1. Four valid subnets are to be created in a class B IP address
      Calculate the required Subnet mask and fill in the table below.

  12. The answer “therefore IP address of host 3 on subnet 2 =” of question 7 is wrong and by the way the question is wrong, because if you calculate the ip address of 2nd host pf 3rd subnet then you will get the answer as…….

    And if we go according to question the real ans should be……

    Correct me if I’m wrong!

    1. The answer is correct.
      The first sub network address is 00001xxx =decimal 8 and the second is 00010xxx =decimal 16

  13. Very useful exercises 😉 but I have a question about exercise 6: Shouldn’t it be instead of Because if we choose the last one we will get more than the 12 hosts.

      1. Yes but since it is typed “10 subnets each with a maximum 12 hosts on each subnet.” and 8 is smaller than 12 I assume is the correct answer.

        1. Maximum of 12 means that you can have 12. But with 8 bits you can only have 8.
          Does that make sense

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